Industry decarbonisation

HYBRIT; a collaboration between SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall

Fossil-free steel is happening.

Coking coal has been an essential component in steel production for more than thousand years. Today, this makes the sector one of the largest emitters of CO2. Yet change is happening. HYBRIT (Hydrogen Breakthrough Ironmaking Technology) – a collaboration between steel producer SSAB, mining company LKAB and Vattenfall – started in 2017 and is aiming to transform the process.

HYBRIT: The biggest change in steel production

The biggest change in steel production in over 1,000 years. Together with our partners LKAB and SSAB, we have created HYBRIT – a project for producing steel using hydrogen rather than coal.

A new steel making process to eliminate CO2

HYBRIT can reduce Sweden’s CO2 emissions by 10% and Finland’s by 7% if implemented at full-scale. In 2018, the construction of a pilot plant in Luleå, Sweden, began. The full-scale fossil-free process for steel manufacturing should be ready by 2035.

The aim is to decarbonise the steel industry by replacing the coking coal (traditionally used in steel production to convert iron ore to iron) with hydrogen made from fossil-free electricity (primarily wind power) and water. A process called direct reduction will replace the current blast furnace process. The by-product will be water, which in turn can be recovered for the production of hydrogen gas.

News and press releases

Jan Moström President and CEO of LKAB, Magnus Hall, President and CEO of Vattenfall, Isabella Lövin, Minister for Environment and Climate, Stefan Löfven, Swedish Prime Minister and Martin Lindqvist, President and CEO of SSAB.
Press release
2020-08-31

HYBRIT: SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall to start up the world’s first pilot plant for fossil-free steel

Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Löfven started up the plant together with Isabella Lövin,

Press release
The HYBRIT pilot plant in Luleå. Photo: Åsa Bäcklin, HYBRIT
Press release
2020-08-26

Media invitation: HYBRIT – the world’s very first pilot plant for fossil-free steel is now to start operation

SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall will be starting the test operation of HYBRIT’s globally u...

Press release
Bio-oil plant in Malmberget. Photographer: Catrine Johansson Lantto / LKAB
Photographer: Catrine Johansson Lantto / LKAB
Press release
2020-08-05

HYBRIT: Successful trials using fossil-free fuels in the pellet process

Trials using fossil-free fuels in LKAB’s pellet plant have produced successful results wit...

Press release
Electrification, innovation and hydrogen gas reduce industry dependence on fossil fuels

Industry needs help in order to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions. Vattenfall is making ...

News
The COP 25 logo
Press release
2019-12-11

SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall welcome higher ambitions to reach climate targets

HYBRIT's owners SSAB, LKAB and Vattenfall welcome the higher ambitions to reach climate ta...

Press release
Cecilia Hellner, Head of Public and Regulatory Affairs Nordic at Vattenfall

The UN Climate Change Conference COP 25 is now in progress. Vattenfall is present to inspi...

News

HYBRIT - Fossil free steel is happening

The biggest change in steel production in over 1,000 years. Together with our partners LKAB and SSAB, we have created HYBRIT – an initiative to create fossil free steel using electricity and hydrogen.

Related content

Cement factory in Degerhamn, Sweden. Photo: Cementa

Cementa and Vattenfall have conducted a pilot study on electrified cement production.

Workers at a Preem refinery. Photo: Preem

Hydrogen gas plant - a step towards fossil freedom with Preem.

Industrial equipment

We are forming partnerships in different fields and industries to reach climate goals.

See also

Pipes and tubes inside a power plant

Our efforts to reduce CO2 emissions are very comprehensive and diverse.

A group of children on a hill

Vattenfall's strategy originates from our purpose to Power Climate Smarter Living.

A girl running on a beach with a flag

By bringing fossil free electricity to new sectors and contexts, we can contribute to econ...